Genetic diversity of livestock
This indicator shows the percentage of terrestrial livestock breeds at risk or extinct in 2010 by livestock species, derived from government reports (ASEAN Biodiversity Outlook 2010). It indicates the degree to which agricultural genetic diversity is being maintained.
By 2020, the genetic diversity of cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and of wild relatives, including other socio-economically as well as culturally valuable species, is maintained, and strategies have been developed and implemented for minimizing genetic erosion and safeguarding their genetic diversity.
This indicator ranges from 0-100%, with higher value representing greater proportion of livestock breeds at risk or extinct.
This indicator is available at the country scale for the Lower Mekong region.
The percent of livestock breeds at risk or extinct is available for 2010 as a baseline.
The risk status of major livestock breeds extant in the ASEAN regions was reported in the ASEAN Biodiversity Outlook (ASEAN Centre for Biodiversity, 2010) by livestock species (turkey, sheep, pig, horse, goat, duck, chicken, cattle, and buffalo), and the detailed risk status of livestock breeds in each country was provided by the ASEAN Centre for Biodiversity based on data retrieved from FAO DAD-IS (Domestic Animal Diversity Information System).
We calculated for each country and each species, the number of breeds that are at risk or extinct (including critical, critical-maintained, endangered, endangered maintained, and extinct), not at risk (including not at risk and unknown), and total; then calculated the percent of livestock breeds that are at risk or extinct.
This indicator provides a conservative estimation of the agricultural genetic diversity in livestock that is at risk or extinct because livestock breeds with unknown status were considered to be not at risk.
For additional information about the ASEAN Biodiversity Outlook, please see here.
ASEAN Biodiversity Outlook retrieved information about domestic animal diversity from:
FAO. 2010. Domestic Animal Diversity Information System (DAD-IS). Accessed on 6 April 2010 at http://dad.fao.org/.